Reinforcement Learning Tic Tac Toe

Machine learning models are taught to make a series of judgments via reinforcement learning. In an unpredictable and possibly complicated environment, the agent must learn to attain a goal. Artificial intelligence is put in a game-like setting when it learns reinforcement. To find a solution to the problem, the computer utilizes trial and error.

Reinforcement Learning about knots and crosses

Artificial intelligence receives either incentives or penalties for the activities it does in order to get it to do what the programmer desires. Its objective is to increase the overall prize. Despite the fact that the designer establishes the reward policy–that is, the game's rules–he provides no indications or suggestions to the model on how to complete the game.

Play: 3x3 Tic Tac Toe Online

Learning with Python

There are just two requirements required for Reinforcement learning tic tac toe in Python. In order to visualize our game state and agent outcomes, we will utilize matplotlib and pandas.


Following that, we'll create some constants to utilize in our implementation. Constants are specified in a separate file so that they may be reused throughout the program.

Game board

We will begin by defining our game board. This class will be responsible for storing all information about the game.


Now we'll build the code for the tactics that players can use during the game. In this game, you can use these two strategies:

Random: the player will be given a list of available movements in the game and will select one at random from that list.

Q-Learning: The player will be given a list of available moves from the game and will utilize Q-Learning to determine which move is best.


The Player class comes next. This has a strategy and follows it (random or Q-based).


            We've finally arrived to our Game class. Of all, the game includes two players and a single board, so that's all that's required to create a Game class object.

Put it all Together:

A final step is to combine all of our code, test it, and analyze the results.

Ultimate Tic Tac Toe Online

Python Github:

            Let's use Python to create an automated tic-tac-toe game.

No human interaction is required because the game is played automatically by the software. Developing an automated game, on the other hand, will be a blast. Let's have a look at how we can achieve it

To make this game, Python random, NumPy libraries were utilized. Rather than asking the user to place a mark on the board, the code selects a location on the board at random and places the mark there. Unless a player wins, it will show the board after every move. It returns -1 if the game ends in a tie.

The main function is play game(), which does the following:

  • Calls create a board() creates a 9-by-9 board with a value of 0 as the initial value.
  • Calls the random place() method for each player (1 or 2) to select a position on the board at random and mark it with the player's number.
  • After each move, you should print the board.
  • After each move, examine the board to see if the same player number appears in any row, column, or diagonal. The winner's name will be displayed if this is the case. If there is no winner after 9 moves, the game ends.

Pick 4 world tic tac toe

Numerical Learning

            Numerical Tic-Tac-Toe is a variation of the game Tic-Tac-Toe in which the numbers 1 to 9 replace the X and O.

            Reinforcement learning is a strong algorithm that creates artificial intelligence by combining a number of very basic processes. It is hoped that this oversimplified essay will help to demystify the topic and stimulate more research into this intriguing topic.

What type of environment will a tic tac toe game agent be in?

The game of tic-tac-toe, played on a 3x3 board, serves as our environment, allowing agents to choose how they want to play their game.

What is reinforcement learning & why is it called so?

The term "reinforcement" refers to how some actions are rewarded while others are discouraged in reinforcement learning.